Global March

Supporting Action Against Child Labour in Asia

Asia-Pacific region records the second highest prevalence of child labour in the world, with estimated 62 million children aged 5-14 years said to be working for their survival. Millions have never been to school not enrolled in school and many dropout of the school every year. Although there has been progress in reducing child labour in many countries in the region, the problem persists. Children in Asia-Pacific region work in a number of economic sectors, including domestic labour, seafood processing, garment and footwear factories, mining and quarrying, agriculture, rag-picking and scavenging, sugar-cane plantations, entertainment among many other sectors. While poverty is one of the biggest reasons and consequences of child labour across the region, every country differs politically, economically and socially, and that is why Global March’s approach towards eradicating child labour differs from country to country in the region.

 

By supporting advocacy, policy change, research, political will strengthening, youth mobilisation and awareness intervention through local members and partners in the region, Global March aims to create a viable socio-economic-political environment where rights of boys and girls are protected and promoted; and child labour is eradicated by 2025 as per target SDG 8.7. Our latest programme areas were Nepal, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Indonesia and Pakistan.
Nepal

- Strengthening political will by mobilising Parliamentarians across different party lines and states to address the issues of child labour and forced labour.
- Advocating for amendment of laws on child labour and advocate for the inclusion of recommendations by civil society.
- Campaigning for adoption and implementation of child labour policies, master national action plan and related laws by state and local governments in Nepal.
- Mobilising youth for activism on implementation of SDG 8.7, SDG 4 and SDG 5.
- Campaigning for promoting girls’ rights in the eradication of child labour and ensuring their access to education and decent work opportunities through a national network.
- Creating and strengthening momentum to advocate for ratification of ILO Convention 189 on Decent Work for Domestic Workers by Government of Nepal.

 
Bangladesh

- Monitoring of situations of violation of child rights and providing recommendations to government as per findings found.
- Building capacities of civil society on gender mainstreaming and participation of civil society ion Voluntary National Review process of SDGs.
- Promoting community dialogue and community based action plans to end child labour
- Advocating with local governments and other local authorities to seek support for promoting children’s rights
- Holding dialogues with policymakers and ministries on child rights issues particularly on concerning the issues of child domestic work, implementation of ILO Convention 182, child marriage laws, and advocating for ratification of ILO Convention 189.

 
Sri Lanka

- Mobilising policymakers and Members of Parliament across party lines and constituencies to transform them into champions of child rights and address the situations of child labour in all sectors.
- Holding meaningful dialogues with law makers to advocate for adoption of robust legislations and ensure their effective implementation to move towards zero child labour.

 
Pakistan

- Improving the policy and legislation addressing child labour specifically related to child domestic labour.
- Strengthening the policy environment and institutional capacities for prevention and elimination of child labour with focus on child domestic labour.
- Raising awareness of the general public through media campaign regarding the harmful effects on child domestic labour and violation of basic rights of children.

 
Indonesia

- Holding dialogues with Members of Parliaments on the children related legislations under Commission 8 (Women, Children, Social Welfare and Religious affair) and the SDGs.
- Consultation with multi-stakeholders on Voluntary National Reviews (VNRs) of Indonesia
- Carrying out stakeholder dialogue on SDGs related to children
- Strengthening advocacy through media intervention on children’s rights

Nepal

Results in 2018:

  • Close to 40 Members of Parliament committed to ending child labour, combatting trafficking and ensuring children’s quality education.
  • Federal government of Nepal adopted the New Child Rights Act and endorsed the Master Plan on Child Labor which includes Global March’s member, Swatantrata Abhiyan’s (SAN) significant recommendations and contribution.
  • 5 Municipals committed to work towards eliminating child labor and child marriage.
  • 3 Municipals planned to develop a child protection policy in the upcoming fiscal year of Nepal government.
  •  4 state governments planned to develop children profiles including details of child labour and birth registration.
  • Governments began committing to allocate budget for children’s issues.
  • 3 Parliament Member (Labour) Committee agreed to develop procedures on Domestic work in line with Labour Act 2074 and ratification of ILO 189.
 
Bangladesh

Results in 2018:

  • Global March’s member in Bangladesh, Bangladesh Shishu Adhikar Forum (BSAF)’s advocacy and awareness raising efforts on the need to ratify ILO Conventions 138 on Minimum Age to Employment & 189 on Decent Work for Domestic Workers through various Consultations, meetings , IEC materials,etc, resulted in the positive sign shown by State Minister of Ministry of Labour and Employment, Mr. Md. Mujibul Haque, stating government’s will to ratify these two conventions and the work is in progress towards the same.
  • Prime Minister’s office of Bangladesh issued a gazette notification on 16 May 2018 to the Deputy Commissioners and Police Supers of all the districts in Bangladesh to collect the data on hazardous child labour of their respective district.
  • The government has also formulated and amended  a good number policies and act related to children such as Children Act 2013, Children policy 2011, Education policy 2010, National Child Labour Elimination Policy (NCLEP) 2010, National Plan of Action2012-16 and amended 2017-2021, Child Marriage Act 2017 and Domestic workers protection and welfare policy 2015 and lastly Labour Act amendment 2018). 
  • Due to continuous media advocacy by BSAF on child labour issues, in the year 2018, print and electronic media widely covered issues of child rights such as child labour, chid marriage, child abuse etc. 
 
Sri Lanka

Results in 2018:

  • Global March and its Sri Lankan member, CCH Sri Lanka successfully organised the 2nd Asia Meet of Parliamentarians Without Borders for Children’s Rights (PWB) in Colombo in August 2018 where 12 MPs from 7 countries of Asia participated and committed to work from children.
  • CCH is now working to establish the Sri Lankan chapter of PWB and mobilise political will by strengthening knowledge and commitment of MPs to work for children’s rights and end child labour by 2025.
 
Pakistan

Results in 2018:

  • Due to effective advocacy by Global March’s member, Grassroots Organisation for Human Development (GODH) and its partners, child domestic labour in Punjab province got banned under the age of 15 years in Pakistan. GODH was instrumental in development of a draft of a comprehensive legislation to ban Child Domestic Labour, and advocated for addition of child domestic labour in health hazardous occupation list prohibited for children.
  • GODH advocated and worked with the civil society network to create a database on child domestic labour in Punjab province of Pakistan due to the high number of child deaths reported in this sector.
  • Successfully advocated for a separate National Commission on Child Rights which was passed by the National Assembly, but its constitution is being delayed on behalf of the government.
  • Strengthened political will amongst MPs to harmonise the laws on minimum age to employment and free and compulsory age of education in Punjab province.
 
Indonesia

Results in 2018:

  • Global March’s member, JARAK held dialogues with Members of Parliament and members of Commission 8(Women, Children, Social Welfare and Religious affair)  to ensure the elimination of WFCL and Indonesia Road Map to End Child Labor 2022.
  • JARAK recommended regulation of Child Friendly Cities in an effort to eliminate child labour and provide access to education to rescued child labourers.
  • 400 persons participated in the Consultation sponsored by Government of Indonesia on Voluntary National Reviews of the SDGs where SDGs 4, 5, 8 and 10 were discussed by multi stakeholders.
  • 5 provincial level stakeholder dialogues conducted, with participation from 100 stakeholders to highlight pertinent issues across different provinces, such as child domestic labour, child labour in fisheries and plantations, child trafficking and commercial sexual exploitation of children.


Nepal- Swatantrata Abhiyan (SAN)

Bangladesh- Bangladesh Shishu Adhikar Forum (BSAF)
Sri Lanka- CCH Sri Lanka
Pakistan- Grassroot Organisation for Human Development (GODH)
Indonesia- JARAK

Girls Advocacy Alliance

Ministry of Foreign Affairs, The Netherlands

admin

Translate »