Global March

Accelerating Progress in Ending Child Labour in Africa

Africa has the largest number of child labourers; 72.1 million African children are estimated to be in child labour and 31.5 million in hazardous work. While some progress was still reported in rest of the world between2012-2016, reductions in child labour in Sub-Saharan Africa were stalled. The agriculture sector accounts for by far the largest share of child labour. In Africa, agriculture accounts for 85 per cent of all child labour and for 61.4 million children in absolute terms. Most child labour is unpaid, and most children in child labour are not in an employment relationship with a third party employer, but rather work on family farms and family enterprises. Africa therefore remains the one of the most important focus areas of Global March’s work to end child labour.

By working with our local members and partners, Global March seeks to create awareness, strengthen advocacy, mobilise political will, create youth champions, build relationships and empower communities towards making a child friendly Africa where there is zero child labour by 2025 as per SDG 8.7, and all children are enjoying free, quality, inclusive and equitable education as per SDG 4.To realise the same, Global March’s latest programmes were carried out in Uganda, Tanzania and Togo.

Uganda:

  • Generating awareness on SDGs and its monitoring process amongst CSOs by strengthening their knowledge on Voluntary National Reviews (VNRs) of the SDGs and creating opportunities for their involvement in the VNR submission process.
  • Strengthening momentum for national ratification of ILO Convention 189 on decent work domestic workers for the elimination of child domestic labour, through the involvement of multi-stakeholders.
  • Advocating for effective implementation of ILO Convention 138 on minimum age of employment through the involvement of CSOs, Parliamentarians, Government, ILO and other stakeholders.
 

Tanzania:

  • Strengthening knowledge on national laws and identifying gaps to address the issue of child labour, trafficking and education along with creating effective strategy for combatting the same
  • Promoting children’s participation in the advocacy process towards ending child labour, trafficking and promoting education
  • Generating awareness in communities to say no to child labour and yes to education
  • Strengthening capacities of government bodies and Parliamentarians and seek support for effective review and implementation of laws
  • Building capacity of employers and businesses on child labour and trafficking especially the hazardous forms.
  • Providing scholastic support to children from 10 poor households
 

Togo:

  • Organising First Africa Regional Meet of Parliamentarians Without Borders for Children’s Rights
  • Mobilising and training of Members of Parliament who are part of the Parliamentarians Without Borders for Children’s Rights Togo Chapter
  • Parliamentary exchange with children and youth market porters in Lome and visit in the interiors of the country
  • Inter-country exchange visit to Benin between Members of Parliament of Togo and Benin to strengthen work on children’s rights.

Uganda:

Results in 2018:

  • Awareness increased amongst core 5 CSOs on VNRs and the scope of involvement of CSOs in the submission of the same and why anti-child labour stakeholders should care about working towards VNRs through Consultation organised by Global March’s partner NOTU.
  • National Planning Authority (NPA), the apex body for preparing and submitting the VNRs to the High Level Political Forum (HLPF) of the ECOSOC, UN agreed to involve NOTU and its associates in the VNR process.
  • Increased knowledge amongst 20 CSO members, trade unions, domestic workers on ILO Convention 189 on Decent Work for Domestic Workers and why it needs to be ratified by Uganda to safeguard the rights of domestic workers and eliminate child domestic labour below the minimum age.
  • Gaps in the implementation of ILO Convention 138 on minimum age to employment identified by CSOs, trade unions and employers’ organisations, leading to key advocacy asks for future course of action and a strengthened momentum to continue advocating for filling the gaps with government authorities.
  • Policy brief for understanding and advocacy on ratification of ILO Convention 189 prepared and disseminated.
  • Policy brief on gaps in implementation of ILO Convention 138 prepared and disseminated.
 

Tanzania:

Results in 2018:

  • Gaps in the legislative framework and its enforcement identified by the 20 members of the Technical Working Group (TWG) facilitated by Global March’s partner, ANPPCAN Tanzania.
  • TWG actively supported the National Anti-Trafficking Secretariat in reviewing and finalising the National Action Plan against trafficking.
  • Task force against trafficking formed at the National Anti-Trafficking Secretariat constituting representatives from Ministry of Home Affairs, Ministry of Labour, Ministry of Health and Ministry of Social Justice.
  • Through thorough advocacy by ANPPCAN Tanzania, an agreement on the need to amend legislations to promote child protection has been recognised by the National Anti-Trafficking Secretariat especially the need to amend the Ant trafficking Act, 2008.
  • First World Human Trafficking Day commemorated by the government and other stakeholders in Tanzania with the support of ANPPCAN Tanzania and Global March.
  • Awareness on the issues of child labour, trafficking and lack of education raised amongst communities, CSOs, schools, government, children and others through IEC materials such as posters, banners, brochures, T-shirts, and media outreach through e-magazines, TV, radio and newspapers.
  • 25 child ambassadors sensitised and trained on the issue of child labour and child trafficking for them to further share the information in their schools and communities.
  • 34 employers from sugarcane plantations and gold and tanzanite mining sectors sensitised on negative effects of employing child labour followed by creating a Whatsapp group of employers that say no to child labour.
 

Togo:

Results in 2018:

  • First Africa Regional Meet of Parliamentarians Without Borders for Children’s Rights organised successfully in Lome, Togo with participation from 16 MPs from 8 countries such as Ghana, Cameroon, Cote d’Ivoire, Tchad, Benin, Togo, Niger, Tanzania and from the Netherlands.
  • Parliamentary exchange facilitated by Global March member, WAO-Afrique, between Members of Parliament from Benin and members of Parliamentarians Without Borders for Children’s Rights Togo chapter (PWB Togo) during a visit to Benin.
  • PWB Togo and WAO-Afrique members interacted with youth in Lome market and discussed the issues of young people.
  • PWB Togo along with WAO-Afrique facilitated training of more than 100 youth on seamstresses and hairdressing.
  • Training kits donated to 15 seamstresses and hairdressing apprentices. 

Uganda- National Organisation of Trade Unions (NOTU)

Tanzania- ANPPCAN Tanzania

Togo- WAO-Afrique

Girls Advocacy Alliance

A German Private Foundation

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